Han er også sjef for kongelige hoff. Kushner heading to Saudi Arabia and Qatar to try to resolve dispute. Salman also slashed generous subsidies to a number of industries and beneficiaries, pledged to balance the budget and cut spending in some areas. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Han er sønn av kong Salman bin Abdul Aziz i hans tredje ekteskap med Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan. Mohammed bin Salman, full name Muḥammad ibn Salmān ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Saʿūd also known as MBS, (born August 31, 1985), member of the Saudi royal family who served as minister of defense (2015–) and crown prince of Saudi Arabia (2017–). The circumstances behind the bizarre episode remained unspoken, but the world’s suspicions were reflected by Mohammed at an investment conference a year later when he cracked a joke about kidnapping Hariri. Mohammed bin Salman al-Saud (arabisch محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, DMG Muḥammad b. Salmān b. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. To prevent the Houthis from taking control of the entire country (and to roll back Iranian influence on their doorstep), Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and other allies launched Operation Decisive Storm. In late May, photos and video footage of him attending meetings helped put the rumors to rest. Later that year women were allowed to obtain driver’s licenses, enabling women to go to work, school, or perform errands without accompaniment. Ostensibly, this was to protest Qatari support for radical Islamists groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood, an Egyptian-born group that has called for an overthrow of Saudi Arabia’s House of Saud. Mohammed bin Salman is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, heir to King Salman. Despite the presence of a massive U.S. military base in Qatar, President Donald Trump initially expressed support for the coalition’s move. Some of these policies proved too ambitious, however. Mohammed bin Salman is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, heir to his father, King Salman. The Saudi royal family has long ruled the kingdom in concert with ultra-conservative Wahhabism clerics, who have been accused of funding and supporting radical extremists and preventing social reforms. The royal has helped to implement economic reforms including slashing the state budget at a … While women were offered new choices that would allow them to earn and spend money without requiring their male guardians to provide constant consent and transportation, the government also cracked down on women activists who continued to press for more freedoms. The next in line, Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, is the son of King Salman, and thus from the ruling House of Saud.The king-appointed cabinet includes more members of the … Salman was named Crown Prince in 2017, after winning a power struggle with the appointed heir. Sumber mengatakan Mohammed bin Salman mengincar Saad Al-Jabri karena dia memiliki dokumen penting untuk mengukuhkan takhtanya di Kerajaan Arab Saudi. He ushered in economic and social reforms, particularly with regard to women, but was also harshly criticized for clamping down on critics of the Saudi royal family, and for his aggressive foreign policy positions, which has led to disastrous conflicts with Yemen and Qatar. News. Mohammed bin Salman. In June 2018, despite international condemnation of the war, the coalition escalated the conflict with a series of airstrikes on a key Yemeni port city. Born August 31, 1985, Mohammed bin Salman is the eldest child of Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and his third wife, Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan bin Hathleen al-Ajmi, the daughter of the head of a powerful Arabian tribe, known as the Al Ajman. View Hajj and Umrah information […] News outlets in Iran, a fierce, long-time enemy of Saudi Arabia, helped spread the news, which alleged that he had been injured or even killed during a failed coup attempt. In April 2016, Salman announced a dramatic restructuring of the country’s economy. Biografi. Il 25 aprile 2016 il principe presenta il suo “Transformation Plan 2020” che è la sua visione di come il Paese deve diventare entro 20 anni, indipendente dal petrolio, e generare 100 miliardi di ricavi non oil l’anno entro il 2020. In 2018, the nation’s decades-long ban on movie theaters was lifted, the kingdom will now allow for a broader variety of entertainment options and work is even underway for a vast amusement park. The Saudi government was believed to have collected more than $100 billion from the move. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mohammed-bin-Salman, al-Waleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. Molti soldi della Silicon Valley arrivano dall’Arabia Saudita, ma nessuno vuole parlarne ... Il principe Mohammed bin Salman durante una conferenza a Riyadh. Il regnante all’epoca è lo zio Re Fahd, uno dei più longevi della storia del regno essendo salito al trono nel 1982 ed essendovi rimasto fino alla sua morte avvenuta nel 2005. (FAYEZ NURELDINE/AFP/Getty Images) È l’architetto della Vision 2030, il lungimirante piano per ridurre la dipendenza dal petrolio in Arabia Saudita.. Ma, soprattutto, è l’erede ormai prossimo al trono del paese. One of the first African American college football stars, Kenny Washington was one of two Black athletes to reintegrate the NFL in 1946. Prince Mohammed bin Salman received his school education at Riyadh, where he ranked among the top students upon graduation. Its estimated $500 billion price tag, however, led to criticisms. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Richard Gere is an American actor known for his leading roles in films like 'American Gigolo,' 'An Officer and a Gentleman,' 'Pretty Woman' and 'Chicago.'. Hij is sedert 2015 de minister van Defensie in het nationale kabinet. On Mohammed’s orders, Saudi operatives lured Khashoggi into the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, where they tortured and dismembered him. Salman spent several years working in the private sector, before becoming an advisor to his father in 2004. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum became prime minister and vice president of the United Arab Emirates in 2006 and is responsible for Dubai's transformation into a lavish business destination. In March 2015, a Saudi-led coalition began airstrikes on neighboring Yemen, after a rebel group of Houthis (a Shiite Muslim group with close ties to Iran) overthrew President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi and captured the Yemeni capital of Sanaa. The maneuver was billed as an anti-corruption sweep. However, the normally camera-friendly Salman was not seen in public for several weeks, leading some to speculate. Seen by many as the power behind his ailing father’s throne, he has … Gaius Caesar, known as Caligula, succeeded Tiberius and served as Roman emperor from 37 to 41 A.D. Queen Rania of Jordan is best known for her advocacy work in public health and education and as an outspoken opponent of the practice of "honor killings.". Mohammad bin Salman al-Saoed ((ar) محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (Jeddah, 31 augustus 1985) is een zoon van Salman bin Abdoel Aziz al-Saoed, de koning van Saoedi-Arabië en zijn derde vrouw Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan Al Hithalayn. Saudi prince strongly criticizes Israel at Bahrain summit. Mohamed Atta is believed to have been the pilot of the first plane that crashed into the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. A fierce power struggle between the cousins ended in June 2017, when Nayef was deposed. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mohammed bin Salman Buru Saad Al-Jabri untuk Dokumen Penting. In a matter of months Mohammed launched an aggressive military intervention in Yemen’s civil war. Among the coalition's demands was for Qatar to shutter its popular Al Jazeera news outlet, which has also been critical of coalition rulers. Ramon Magsaysay became the seventh president of the Philippines in 1953 and is credited with restoring law and order during the Philippine crisis of the 1950s. He immediately appointed Mohammed as his defense minister. Tutti gli articoli pubblicati riguardanti: mohammed-bin-salman, le gallerie fotografiche e i video pubblicati sul giornale e agi.it. Though he anticipated Aramco to launch the world’s largest IPO as early as 2017, the move was repeatedly delayed. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! But now, the 35-year-old crown prince is considered the de facto ruler of … Mohammed bin Salman refereres ofte til ved initialene MbS.. Around the same time as Hariri’s peculiar resignation, dozens of Saudi princes, business leaders, and senior officials were arrested. At times his assertiveness abroad backfired and led to international backlash. His policies began to relax, often to the chagrin of conservative Saudis and the Wahhābī religious establishment, many of the strict social restrictions for which Saudi Arabia was known. Updates? But because the detained individuals were some of the wealthiest and most powerful figures in the country—including mega-billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud—many observers suspected the true purpose of the sweep was to secure power in Mohammed’s hands. Muhammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (arab. He received his bachelor’s degree in law from King Saud University. Han er samtidig landets visestatsminister og forsvarsminister. elokuuta 1985 Jedda, Saudi-Arabia) on Saudi-Arabian kruununprinssi, toinen varapääministeri, puolustusministeri ja nykyisen kuninkaan Salman bin … Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman rules Saudi Arabia day-to-day on behalf of his father, the king. The most influential member of the Royal family is the King of Saudi Arabia, currently King Salman.The succession to the Saudi Arabian throne was designed to pass from one son of the first king, Ibn Saud, to another. Osama bin Laden is a terrorist extremist who planned the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and is intent on driving Western influence from the Muslim world. From a young age Mohammed was interested in government, shadowing his father and remaining conscious about his image. In April 2018, false rumors of Salman’s death swirled, following a report of gunshots near a royal palace in Riyadh. World. In 2015, after his father seceded to the throne, Salman became the youngest person on record to be named Minister of Defense. For Saudi Arabia’s long-marginalized and repressed women, recent years have seen dramatic changes. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan led the outcry against the killing; committed on Turkish soil against a dissident living in exile, it raised international concerns of both state sovereignty and human rights. He sought to open up Aramco for an initial public offering (IPO) and set out on bold development initiatives, such as his Vision 2030 plan designed to attract foreign investment for industries outside its energy sector. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Saʿūd, häufiges Namenskürzel MBS, * 31. They were arrested under a new anti-corruption committee, headed by Salman. Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud (tiếng Ả Rập: محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; ‎) sinh ngày 31 tháng 8 năm 1985) là Thái tử của Ả-rập Xê-út, Phó Thủ tướng thứ nhất của Ả-rập Xê-út và là Bộ trưởng Bộ Quốc phòng trẻ nhất thế giới. Due to King Salman’s ill health and advanced age, Salman is seen by many to be the true power behind the throne. Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud er en saudiarabisk prins og politiker, som siden 2017 har vært Saudi-Arabias kronprins, og dermed tronarving etter faren, kong Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. He is enthusiastic about world's history and glorious past of human civilization. The kingdom recently announced it will begin issuing tourist visas. Although there’s virtually no public information about Princess Sara bint Mashoor bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, she and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman have either three or … In January 2015 Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah died and Salman became king. Muhammed bin Salman kimdir, Suudi Arabistan, İkinci Başbakan Yardımcısı, Suudi Arabistan Savunma Bakanı ve aynı zamanda ikinci Veliaht Prensidir.. Muhammed bin Salman, 24 Temmuz 1980 tarihinde Cidde‘de doğmuştur.Babası Suudi Arabistan kralı Salman Bin Abdülaziz, annesi ise babasının üçüncü eşi Fahda binti Falah bin Sultan Al Hithalayn’dır. In November 2017 Lebanese Prime Minister Saad al-Hariri resigned suddenly under suspicious circumstances while on a visit to Riyadh. When his father became Crown Prince in 2012, Salman’s power expanded, and he increasingly became known as one of Saudi Arabia’s key figures. Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (em árabe: محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; Jidá, 31 de agosto de 1985) é o príncipe herdeiro da Arábia Saudita, primeiro vice-primeiro ministro [1] e o mais novo ministro da defesa do país. Mohammad bin Salman nasce a Riad il 31 agosto del 1985. Scarlett Johansson ha posto il veto ai soldi di Mohammed bin Salman per un film biografico in cui interpreterà la fotogiornalista Lynsey Addario. He attended King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, where he graduated with a bachelor’s degree in law in 2007. 29 Juli 2020 09:00 WIB Reports later emerged of harsh interrogation, and one detainee reportedly died. In linea di successione, quindi, bin Salman è il primo a succedere al trono dell’attuale sovrano, suo padre re Salman. Already one of the poorest nations on Earth, Yemen was devastated by the war. Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi a decisive advantage against the Shiʿi Houthi insurgency in the north of the country. Dopo gli Emirati Arabi Uniti, Il Bahrein e il Sudan, il re del Marocco Mohammed VI ha annunciato la ripresa delle relazioni diplomatiche con Israele. Only after significant international pressure was Hariri allowed to return to Lebanon, where he immediately suspended his resignation. L’organizzazione statale è molto particolare, il potere è concentrato … Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa (Arabic: الامير ناصر بن حمد آل خليفة) (born 8 May 1987) is a member of the Bahraini royal family, commander of Bahrain's Royal Guard president of the Bahrain Olympic Committee and the head of the government’s Supreme Council for Youth and Sports. Salman has called for a return to an earlier period of a more tolerant form of Islam, going so far as to support the idea of an Israeli state. In November 2017, Salman had a number of prominent Saudi citizens arrested. In 2016 and 2018, he undertook several high-profile tours of the United States, meeting with tech leaders, politicians and even Hollywood celebrities. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Few people outside Saudi Arabia had heard of Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud before his father became king in 2015. Mohammed was also placed in charge of the state oil company Aramco and the Council of Economic and Developmental Affairs, the country’s primary policy-making body for economic development. Photo: Stephane Cardinale/Corbis via Getty Images. Though the blockade led to a crisis for Qatar in the short-term, the country used its wealth to reorient its economy away from reliance on its fellow Gulf countries. Salman challenged the religious status quo in Saudi Arabia — to some extent. Da quando suo padre, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, è diventato re nel gennaio 2015, Mohammad bin Salman è salito ai vertici del potere dell’Arabia Saudita, fino ad esserne nominato erede al trono. محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود ‎, Muḥammad ibn Salmān ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz ’Āl Sa‘ūd) (s.31. Despite these reforms, Salman and the Saudis have been harshly criticized for continued human rights violations, including the harassment, arrest and imprisonment of critics and activists. Michael Cohen is a former personal lawyer to President Donald Trump. Salman bin Abdulaziz was the governor of Riyadh province for more than 50 years, until stepping down in 2011. Leggi subito le ultime notizie. Many were released only after relinquishing partial control of their businesses to the state or paying billions of dollars. He afterward founded a number of firms and a nonprofit organization intended to promote entrepreneurship in the kingdom. [2] Han är även chef för kungliga hovet. Reports later emerged that both men had sought international assistance and recognition for their claims to power. Known as Operation Decisive Storm, the campaign intended to give the government of Yemeni Pres. Qatar is also closely aligned with Iran. Mohammed bin Salman, full name Muḥammad ibn Salmān ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Saʿūd also known as MBS, (born August 31, 1985), member of the Saudi royal family who served as minister of defense (2015–) and crown prince of Saudi Arabia (2017–). Unlike many other high-ranking Saudi princes, he did not receive an education in the West. Still, these steps toward liberalization appeared motivated by economic gain and not by a desire for freedom. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. In 2018 he accepted a plea deal on charges of tax evasion and illegal campaign contributions and was sentenced to three years in prison. He has become a key advisor in the region for the Trump administration and others. [3 Mohammed once again detained fellow members of the Saudi royal family in March 2020. Some were held for months. Another regional conflict turned sour in June 2017, when another Saudi- and UAE-led coalition cut off diplomatic relations with the Gulf nation of Qatar. In line with his effort to boost tourism in the kingdom, a ban on cinemas was reversed, and women were allowed to attend sporting events. In June 2018, it was reported that the conflict had worsened, with Saudi Arabia planning to build a canal along its border with Qatar that would geographically isolate its rival by turning it into an island. Mohammed bin Salman la strada l’ha trovata e punta dritta al mercato finanziario. Mohammed bin Salman (arabisk: محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود ‎, født 31. august 1985 i Jeddah) er kronprins av Saudi-Arabia og landets forsvarsminister. Economists have cast doubt on the company’s value, however. Contact us If you would like to get in touch please do write to our marketing department with your details, your enquiry will be forwarded to the relevant department: [email protected] Omissions? Now the worlds most powerful man Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Call him the fortunate son. Along the way he learned how to communicate with a wide variety of dignitaries and to avoid indiscretions. Sinds juni 2017 is hij de kroonprins van Saoedi-Arabië. Often referred to as M.B.S., he also holds the positions of First Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Defense and President of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/mohammed-bin-salman. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As Salman rose in rank and influence, eventually becoming crown prince in 2012, his trusted son Mohammed rose with him. In October 2018 Mohammed orchestrated the extrajudicial killing abroad of Jamal Khashoggi, a prominent journalist and exiled government critic who once served as an adviser and aide to a Saudi ambassador. The results were disastrous. But in October 2017, he announced plans for an ambitious venture, known as Neom. 51k Followers, 22 Following, 1,772 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Mohammed Bin Salman Alsaud (@special_royal) He was later appointed Deputy Crown prince, behind his cousin, Mohammed bin Nayef. Despite the apparent shakedown, Mohammed had initially been hailed abroad as a reformer at home. Mohammed bin Salman is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, heir to King Salman. The campaign, however, failed to turn the tide in the war and led to little more than a prolonged stalemate and one of the worst humanitarian crises in modern history. Salman attended private schools near Riyadh, and later graduated from King Saud University with a degree in law. The heir to the throne is a man of contradictions. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was the son of Ibn Saud, the founder of the first king of Saudi Arabia. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud (Arabic: محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود ‎; born 31 August 1985) is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, First Deputy Prime Minister of Saudi … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Saudi Arabia: Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef. He married Princess Sarah bint Mashhoor in 2008, and the couple has four children. In 2018 he loosened public dress code slightly by stating that women do not need to wear an ʿabāyah, a long black cloak, in public. Just days later he spearheaded a multicountry blockade against Qatar, not only for its friendly stance toward Iran but also for its support for rival non-state actors in the region, such as the Muslim Brotherhood. BBC Arapça Servisi'nden Amir Rawash, Suudi Arabistan'ın veliaht prensi Muhammed bin Salman hem Suudi Arabistan'ı hem de bölgeyi etkileyebilecek yönlerini yazdı. Il principe Mohammad bin Salman, il giovane figlio di re Salman, ha preso il posto da pochi giorni del principe Mohammad bin Nayef, 57 anni, nipote del monarca. Laws that allowed men to strictly control the economic and personal lives of their wives have been eased, allowing women to open businesses, more freely enter the workforce and, as of June 2018, legally drive. Mohammed was appointed crown prince in June 2017 and wasted no time pursuing his audacious goals. Saudi prince Mohammed bin Salman 'buys £452m yacht' but slashes public spending. Said to be under investigation for treason, the detainees included princes much closer to the throne, including King Salman’s brother Ahmad and Muhammad ibn Nayif, the former crown prince that Mohammed bin Salman had replaced. In quel periodo suo padre, Salman bin Abd al Aziz Saud, è uno dei più popolari membri del casato dominante. The detainees were held without legal representation and were eventually released after paying stiff fines. Among the measures was the partial privatization of Aramco, the state-owned oil company, which Salman claimed would generate $100 billion in an IPO. Middle East. According to Saudi police officials, the gunshots involved a drone that had flown into a secure area. The 10,000-square mile economic zone would be located in the as-yet under-developed Red Sea region, with a focus on new technologies, including robotics and renewable energy. The fallout was contained as the royal family continued to deflect responsibility for the incident, but Mohammed’s image abroad had been tarnished. Seen by many as the power behind his ailing father’s throne, he has ushered in much-needed reform but has been entangled in a series of foreign and domestic controversies. An air and naval blockade led to a humanitarian disaster that, as of early 2018, left an estimated 22 million people in need of assistance or at risk of famine, 2 million displaced and an estimated 16,000 dead (although many believe that number to be higher). Mohammed bin Salman (arabiska: محمد بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود), känd även under initialerna MBS, född 31 augusti 1985 i Jeddah, är kronprins av Saudiarabien och landets försvarsminister. Known as the Vision 2030 plan, it was designed to wean Saudi Arabia from its dependence on oil exports (as the precipitous drop in oil prices bled billions in revenue) and streamline government bureaucracy. Mohammed bin Salman è il principe ereditario saudita. Born on 31 August 1985, Mohammed bin Salman grew up, like nearly all the estimated 5,000 senior Saudi princes, in a closeted world of extraordinary comfort and privilege. Turkey’s Pres. During his tenure, he earned a reputation as an efficient, if harsh, administrator. The move was seen by many intelligence analysts as a bid by Salman to further consolidate his power. We strive for accuracy and fairness. It was thought that a Houthi victory might give Iran, Saudi Arabia’s main regional rival, a foothold along Saudi Arabia’s southern border. He is the son of Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz and his third wife Fahdah bint Falāḥ ibn Sulṭān. In 2009 he became a formal adviser to his father, who was then governor of Riyadh. Among those detained were current and former government officials, members of the royal family and some of the country’s richest figures, including Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, who is worth some $17 billion.